The Indian mythology is the one of the richest mythology in the world and is very complicated as well. There are many deities and Gods in the Indian mythology, which makes it all the more beautiful and complicated. Dance forms an important part of the Indian mythology as it does in the advent of civilizations. Dance is used to represent an act in the most surreal form and has been used since time when language did not exist. The Natya Shastra is an early manuscript, which draws the picture of dance in Indian mythology and how dance describes the life of humans.
Lord Shiva is the lord of dance according to the Indian mythology. Tandava is the dance that lord Shiva performs. Tandava is of seven types primarily- Ananda Tandava, Tripura Tandava, Sandhya Tandava, Samara Tandava, Kaali Tandava, Uma Tandava and Gauri Tandava. The Ananda Tandava is more about joy in life and the Rudra Tandava is one, which shows violence. Lord Shiva performs the Tandava in the avatar of Natraj. The dance of Natraj depicts the flow of activity in the universe an the cycle of creation and destruction, it shows how every little thing is brought about under the guidance of the Natraj and how it all stops when the Natraj ceases to perform.
The main elements of the Tandava are Srishti (creation), Sthiti (preservation), Samhara (destruction), Tirobhava (illusion) and Anugraha (release). Though the Tandava is a part of India’s mythology, it is more popular in the southern states of India. The steps are vigorous and brisk which requires a lot of energy. It is a beautiful feeling to see all that positive energy release and surround you while you sit there and watch one of the most important primitive and rich dance forms of the world.