India is a land of cultural diversity. With so many different cultures coming together, we have equally varied folk music. Do not mistake folk music for classical music, as both of these are two different things. Classical music is about art, which requires skills and dedication whereas folk music on the other hand is something that does not require you to be skillful. The music of different culture is folk music and by merely practicing it, you can learn it. Folk music requires a number of unique instruments like dhol instead of the classical tabla and clay pots.
Bihu geet is a folk music from Assam, which is, sang during the Bihu festival. It tells the tales of love, peace, harmony and good harvest. The Bihu geet uses the most unique types of musical instruments including the Peepa, which is an instrument made out of horn of a buffalo and Taal, which is a cymbal instrument.
Uttarakhandi music is another popular folk music, which dwells from the serene lands of the Himalaya. The music is related to folk stories, life of people, festivals and religious traditions. The Uttarakhandi music is sang mostly in the Kumaoni ad the Garhwali language. The common instruments used in Uttarakhandi music are dhol, daur, turri, masakbhaja and thali. The Uttarakhandi folk music is a true reflection of the bond between the people and nature.
The Punjabi folk music is a very popular folk music though one would doubt calling it a folk music due to its demand in the international music market. The music is very jovial and energetic. The famous Bhangra dance is performed on the Punjabi folk music. This folk music comes from the harvest rich lands of Punjab.
The Rajasthani folk music is yet another very popular folk music of India. The music reflects the rich culture of Rajasthan and the balance between life and nature that prevails in the land of sands. The Been and the Tanpura are an important part of the rajasthani folk music. Even after hundreds of years of transformation the essence of the folk music is still the same.
India has a rich cultural heritage and each state has its own folk music. The youth have begun contemporary versions of the folk mixing it with rock and creating a beautiful fusion. Know of any bands who create fusion using folk music? Mention them in the comments below